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Highly efficient and large-scale generation of functional dopamine neurons from human embryonic stem cells

Authors
 Myung Soo Cho  ;  Young-Eun Lee  ;  Ji Young Kim  ;  Seungsoo Chung  ;  Yoon Hee Cho  ;  Dae-Sung Kim  ;  Sang-Moon Kang  ;  Haksup Lee  ;  Myung-Hwa Kim  ;  Jeong-Hoon Kim  ;  Joong Woo Leem  ;  Sun Kyung Oh  ;  Young Min Choi  ;  Dong-Youn Hwang  ;  Jin Woo Chang  ;  Dong-Wook Kim 
Citation
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Vol.105(9) : 3392-3397, 2008 
Journal Title
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
ISSN
 0027-8424 
Issue Date
2008
MeSH
Animals ; Cell Culture Techniques/methods* ; Cell Differentiation* ; Cell Transplantation ; Disease Models, Animal ; Dopamine* ; Embryonic Stem Cells/cytology* ; Humans ; Methods ; Neurons/cytology* ; Neurons/transplantation* ; Parkinson Disease/therapy ; Rats
Keywords
Animals ; Cell Culture Techniques/methods* ; Cell Differentiation* ; Cell Transplantation ; Disease Models, Animal ; Dopamine* ; Embryonic Stem Cells/cytology* ; Humans ; Methods ; Neurons/cytology* ; Neurons/transplantation* ; Parkinson Disease/therapy ; Rats
Abstract
We developed a method for the efficient generation of functional dopaminergic (DA) neurons from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) on a large scale. The most unique feature of this method is the generation of homogeneous spherical neural masses (SNMs) from the hESC-derived neural precursors. These SNMs provide several advantages: (i) they can be passaged for a long time without losing their differentiation capability into DA neurons; (ii) they can be coaxed into DA neurons at much higher efficiency than that from previous reports (86% tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons/total neurons); (iii) the induction of DA neurons from SNMs only takes 14 days; and (iv) no feeder cells are required during differentiation. These advantages allowed us to obtain a large number of DA neurons within a short time period and minimized potential contamination of unwanted cells or pathogens coming from the feeder layer. The highly efficient differentiation may not only enhance the efficacy of the cell therapy but also reduce the potential tumor formation from the undifferentiated residual hESCs. In line with this effect, we have never observed any tumor formation from the transplanted animals used in our study. When grafted into a parkinsonian rat model, the hESC-derived DA neurons elicited clear behavioral recovery in three behavioral tests. In summary, our study paves the way for the large-scale generation of purer and functional DA neurons for future clinical applications.
Files in This Item:
T200800508.pdf Download
DOI
10.1073/pnas.0712359105
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dae Sung(김대성)
Kim, Dong Wook(김동욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5025-1532
Kim, Jeong Hoon(김정훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7095-3729
Kim, Ji Young(김지영)
Leem, Joong Woo(임중우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1605-2230
Chung, Seung Soo(정승수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3119-9628
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/106692
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