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Reversible regulation of cell cycle-related genes by epigallocatechin gallate for hibernation of neonatal human tarsal fibroblasts

 Jung Yoon Bae  ;  Jun Kanamune  ;  Dong-Wook Han  ;  Kazuaki Matsumura  ;  Suong-Hyu Hyon 
 CELL TRANSPLANTATION, Vol.18(4) : 459-469, 2009 
Journal Title
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Catechin/analogs & derivatives* ; Catechin/pharmacology ; Cell Cycle ; Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics ; Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism* ; Cell Proliferation ; Cells, Cultured ; Fibroblasts/cytology ; Fibroblasts/drug effects* ; Fibroblasts/metabolism ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Humans ; Infant ; Male ; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis ; Tarsal Bones/cytology*
Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate ; Neonatal human tarsal fibroblasts ; Hibernation ; Cell cycle ; cDNA microarray
We investigated the hibernation effect of epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) on neonatal human tarsal fibroblasts (nHTFs) by analyzing the expression of cell cycle-related genes. EGCG application to culture media moderately inhibited the growth of nHTFs, and the removal of EGCG from culture media led to complete recovery of cell growth. EGCG resulted in a slight decrease in the cell population of the S and G(2)/M phases of cell cycle with concomitant increase in that of the G(0)/G(1) phase, but this cell cycle profile was restored to the initial level after EGCG removal. The expression of cyclin D1 (CCND1), CCNE2, CCN-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6), and CDK2 was restored, whereas that of CCNA, CCNB1, and CDK1 was irreversibly attenuated. The expression of a substantial number of genes analyzed by cDNA microarray was affected by EGCG application, and these affected expression levels were restored to the normal levels after EGCG removal. We also found the incorporation of FITC-EGCG into the cytosol of nHTFs and its further nuclear translocation, which might lead to the regulation of the exogenous signals directed to genes for cellular responses including proliferation and cell cycle progression. These results suggest that EGCG temporarily affects not only genes related to the cell cycle but also various other cellular functions.
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5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Oral Cancer Research Institute (구강종양연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Bae, Jung Yoon(배정윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8342-6987
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