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Prevalence and trends of metabolic syndrome among Korean adolescents: from the Korean NHANES survey, 1998-2005

Authors
 Mi Jung Park  ;  Bruce A. Boston  ;  Minkyoung Oh  ;  Sun Ha Jee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, Vol.155(4) : 529-534, 2009 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS 
ISSN
 0022-3476 
Issue Date
2009
MeSH
Adolescent ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data* ; Blood Glucose/metabolism ; Blood Pressure ; Body Mass Index ; Child ; Exercise ; Female ; Humans ; Korea/epidemiology ; Lipids/blood ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome/ethnology* ; Nutrition Surveys ; Prevalence ; Risk Factors ; Young Adult
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and trend of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Korean adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Data from 1998, 2001, and 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were analyzed (N = 4164; age, 10 to 19 years) for MetS prevalence using the modified International Diabetes Federation criteria. RESULTS: The combined prevalence of MetS in Korean adolescents was 2.2% in 1998, 3.6% in 2001, and 1.8% in 2005. MetS in Korean boys increased from 1.4% in 1998 to 5.3% in 2001 but decreased to 2.0% in 2005. The prevalence of MetS in girls decreased over the study periods (3.0% in 1998, 1.9% in 2001, and 1.6% in 2005). MetS prevalence declined from 1998 to 2005 despite an increase in overweight or obese individuals among both sexes (1998: boys, 15.1%; girls, 17.8%; 2005: boys, 26.8%; girls, 21.7%). Among individual MetS components, hyperglycemia decreased dramatically in 2005 in both sexes and accounted for the majority of the decline in the prevalence of the MetS in Korean adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of MetS has declined despite an increase in obesity in Korean youth. Recent changes in physical activity in addition to national health care initiatives in Korea may have had a positive impact on the prevalence of MetS
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022347609003515
DOI
10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.03.063
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jee, Sun Ha(지선하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9519-3068
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/105247
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