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Nonverbal social behaviors of patients with bipolar mania during interactions with virtual humans.

Authors
 Eosu Kim  ;  Jeonghun Ku  ;  Jae-Jin Kim  ;  Hyeongrae Lee  ;  Kiwan Han  ;  Sun I. Kim  ;  Hyun-Sang Cho 
Citation
 Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol.197(6) : 412-418, 2009 
Journal Title
 Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 
ISSN
 0022-3018 
Issue Date
2009
Abstract
It has been proposed that positive emotional biases could make bipolar manic (BM) patients maintain abnormally approaching behaviors during social interactions. To test this hypothesis, we measured interpersonal distance (IPD) and gaze angle of BM patients and normal controls (NCs) during social interaction in immersive virtual environment. Overall, IPDs of BM patients (n = 20) were greater than those of normal controls (n = 20). The IPD difference was even greater between NCs and BM patients with psychotic features (n = 11) than those without psychotic features (n = 9). Regardless of the presence of psychotic features, BM patients averted their gazes more than NCs, and even more while speaking than while listening. Our results might suggest negativistic social cognition of bipolar patients, as was previously found even during a manic phase, or the role of paranoid symptoms in avoidant social behaviors, in agreement with prior studies with schizophrenic patients. Use of proper space and gaze might have psychotherapeutic implication in developing secure, two-person relationship with bipolar patients regardless of the presence of disrupting manic symptoms.
Full Text
http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&AN=00005053-200906000-00006&LSLINK=80&D=ovft
DOI
10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181a61c3d
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김어수(Kim, Eosu) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9472-9465
김재진(Kim, Jae Jin) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1395-4562
조현상(Cho, Hyun Sang) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1019-9941
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/104275
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