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Sphenoid sinus pneumatization and its relation to bulging of surrounding neurovascular structures

 Jae Hoon Cho  ;  Jin Kook Kim  ;  Jeung-Gweon Lee  ;  Joo-Heon Yoon 
 Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, Vol.119(9) : 646-650, 2010 
Journal Title
 Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology 
Issue Date
Adult ; Carotid Artery Injuries/pathology ; Carotid Artery, Internal/pathology* ; Cranial Nerve Injuries/pathology* ; Cranial Nerves/pathology* ; Endoscopy* ; Humans ; Maxillary Nerve/injuries ; Maxillary Nerve/pathology* ; Optic Nerve/pathology* ; Risk Factors ; Sphenoid Sinus/blood supply* ; Sphenoid Sinus/innervation* ; Sphenoid Sinus/pathology*
internal carotid artery ; maxillary nerve ; optic nerve ; sphenoid sinus ; vidian nerve.
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the bulging and dehiscence of neurovascular structures in the sphenoid sinus and their relationships to the pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus. METHODS: One hundred sagittally hemisected cadaveric heads were examined. The degree of pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus was determined. Bulging and dehiscence of the internal carotid artery (ICA), optic nerve, maxillary nerve, and vidian nerve were examined, and the distances between these structures and the anterior or superior wall of the sphenoid sinus were measured. Additionally, the degree of bony thickness over these structures was determined. RESULTS: The prevalences of bulging of the optic nerve, segments 1 and 3 of the ICA, and the maxillary and vidian nerves were 56%, 34%, 65%, 41%, and 52%, respectively. The greater the degree of pneumatization, the more frequently did the structures bulge into the sphenoid sinus. The optic nerve was found to be in close proximity to the anterior and superior walls of the sphenoid sinus. The bone over the surrounding structures was very thin, especially for the complete sellar type. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of bulging of the optic nerve, the ICA, and the maxillary and vidian nerves increased in proportion to the degree of sphenoid sinus pneumatization.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yoon, Joo Heon(윤주헌)
Lee, Jeung Gweon(이정권)
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