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Maternal serum triglycerides as predictive factors for large-for-gestational age newborns in women with gestational diabetes mellitus

Authors
 GA HYUN SON  ;  JA YOUNG KWON  ;  YOUNG HAN KIM  ;  YONG WON PARK 
Citation
 ACTA OBSTETRICIA ET GYNECOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, Vol.89(5) : 700-704, 2010 
Journal Title
ACTA OBSTETRICIA ET GYNECOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA
ISSN
 0001-6349 
Issue Date
2010
MeSH
Birth Weight ; Blood Glucose/metabolism ; Cohort Studies ; Comorbidity ; Diabetes, Gestational/blood* ; Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis ; Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology* ; Female ; Fetal Macrosomia/blood ; Fetal Macrosomia/diagnosis* ; Fetal Macrosomia/diagnostic imaging ; Fetal Macrosomia/epidemiology* ; Follow-Up Studies ; Gestational Age ; Glucose Tolerance Test ; Humans ; Incidence ; Infant, Newborn ; Insulin Resistance ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Pregnancy ; Pregnancy Outcome* ; Probability ; Retrospective Studies ; Risk Assessment ; Triglycerides/blood* ; Ultrasonography, Prenatal
Keywords
Maternal serum triglycerides ; gestational diabetes mellitus ; newborn birthweight
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of maternal lipids in predicting large-for-gestational age (LGA) newborns born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

DESIGN: Retrospective study.

SETTING: Yonsei University Health System, Korea.

POPULATION: A total of 104 women diagnosed with GDM between January 2000 and June 2008.

METHODS: Women who were positive on the 50 g oral glucose challenge test (24-28 weeks' gestation) and who were referred patients suspected of GDM underwent a 3 hours, 100 g oral glucose tolerance test for GDM diagnosis. Maternal fasting serum triglycerides and total, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were determined at 24-32 weeks' gestation. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine maternal parameters independently associated with delivering LGA newborns at term.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk contributions for LGA newborns.

RESULTS: Maternal fasting serum triglyceride levels were significantly higher in mothers of LGA newborns compared with other mothers; however, no significant correlations were found between newborn birthweight and maternal fasting glucose, total cholesterol, or HDL cholesterol levels. After adjusting for confounding variables including prepregnancy body mass index, weight gain during pregnancy, age, and parity, maternal hypertriglyceridemia at 24-32 weeks' gestation remained an independent parameter for identifying term LGA newborns.

CONCLUSIONS: In GDM pregnancies, determining maternal serum triglyceride levels during midpregnancy may help identify women likely to give birth to LGA newborns.
Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3109/00016341003605677/abstract
DOI
10.3109/00016341003605677
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Ja Young(권자영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3009-6325
Kim, Young Han(김영한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0645-6028
Park, Yong Won(박용원)
Son, Ga Hyun(손가현)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/101905
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