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World Health Organization classification of thymomas provides significant prognostic information for selected stage III patients: evidence from an international thymoma study group

Authors
 Alberto M. Marchevsky  ;  Ruta Gupta  ;  Caterina Casadio  ;  Kenzo Hiroshima  ;  Nirmala A. Jambhekar  ;  Dae Joon Kim  ;  Yukio Nakatani  ;  Meinoshin Okumura  ;  Ottavio Rena  ;  Shigetoshi Yoshida 
Citation
 Human Pathology, Vol.41(10) : 1413-1421, 2010 
Journal Title
 Human Pathology 
ISSN
 0046-8177 
Issue Date
2010
MeSH
Humans ; Neoplasm Staging ; Prognosis ; Survival Rate ; Thymoma/classification* ; Thymoma/diagnosis* ; Thymoma/pathology ; Thymus Neoplasms/classification* ; Thymus Neoplasms/diagnosis* ; Thymus Neoplasms/pathology ; World Health Organization
Keywords
Thymoma ; Stage ; WHO classification ; Evidence
Abstract
Information regarding prognosis of thymoma patients stratified by both World Health Organization classification and Masaoka staging system is very limited. Analyze 5-year survival data from a large number of thymoma patients stratified by both World Health Organization histologic type and Masaoka stage using meta-analysis. Perform power analysis to estimate the number of cases that would be needed to test the null hypothesis to a power of 80%. Five-year survival data from 905 thymoma patients treated with thymectomy at seven hospitals in America, Japan, Korea, India, Italy, and Germany. Survival data was reported as "dead" or "alive" to facilitate meta-analysis. Significant differences were detected only when comparing survival rates of thymoma patients in stages I to III with those of stage IV disease. Analysis by World Health Organization histologic type and stage yielded significant differences only in patients with thymomas A vs. B2 and A vs. B3 in stage III disease. No significant data heterogeneity was detected with funnel plots and Egger's regression test. Power analysis estimated that a study with 7077 patients is needed to evaluate the prognostic significance of all thymomas stratified by both World Health Organization histologic type and stage to a power of 80%. Selected World Health Organization histologic types are significantly associated with prognosis in stage III thymoma patients and may help select individuals benefiting from neoadjuvant therapy. Power analysis shows that studies with much larger number of patients are needed to exclude the possibility that histologic type may provide significant prognostic information in other stages of the disease
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0046817710001097
DOI
10.1016/j.humpath.2010.02.012
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dae Joon(김대준)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/101784
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