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그람 음성 간균에서 16S rRNA Methylase 생성 빈도와 생성 세균의 내성 양상

Other Titles
 Molecular and Phenotypic Characteristics of 16S rRNA Methylase-producing Gram-negative Bacilli 
Authors
 Hyukmin Lee  ;  Eun-Mi Koh  ;  Chang Ki Kim  ;  Jong Hwa Yum  ;  Kyungwon Lee  ;  Yunsop Chong 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Clinical Microbiology (대한임상미생물학회지), Vol.13(1) : 19-26, 2010 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Clinical Microbiology (대한임상미생물학회지) 
ISSN
 1229-0025 
Issue Date
2010
Keywords
16S rRNA dimethylase ; armA ; qnrB ; Aminoglycoside ; Gram-negative bacilli
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Recently a novel plasmid-mediated resistant mechanism that conferred high-level resistance to aminoglycoside via methylation of 16S rRNA was reported. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of the 16S rRNA methylase genes and to characterize the coresistance to other antibiotics in Gram-negative bacilli. METHODS: Consecutive non-duplicate Gram-negative bacilli were isolated from clinical specimens at a Korean secondary- and tertiary-care hospital from July 2006 to June 2007. The antimicrobial susceptibility was tested by the CLSI agar dilution method,and PCR was performed to detect the 16S rRNA methylase genes in the arbekacin-resistant isolates. RESULTS: In Gram-negative bacilli, the proportions of 16S rRNA methylase gene-positive isolates were 5% (75/1,471) in the secondary-carehospital and 4% (48/1,251) in the tertiary-care hospital, and the positive rates by species were 1% Escherichiae coli 16% (10/1,062), Klebsiella pneumoniae 16% (75/460), K. oxytoca 2% (1/44), Citrobacter spp. 9% (7/82), Enterobacter spp. 2% (4/181), Serratia marcescens 6% (6/100), Proteus miriabilis 4% (2/57), Achromobacter xylosoxidans 20% (1/5), Pseudomonas aeruginosa < 1% (1/505), Acinetobacter spp. 10% (11/112), and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 2% (1/66), respectively. Among 16S rRNA methylase-positive isolates from secondary- and tertiary-care hospitals, 93% (70/75) and 90% (43/48), respectively, were armA positive, and others, except one rmtA positive isolate, were positive for the rmtB gene, according to PCR results. The rates of ESBL-positive and cefoxitin-resistant K. pneumoniae were 59% and 92%,s respectively. In addition, 91% of 16S rRNA methylase-producing K. pneumoniae were positive for qnrB. There were no MBL producers among 16S rRNA methylase-producing Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter species. CONCLUSION: The novel aminoglycoside-resistant mechanisms involving16S rRNA methylase were prevalent and widely distributed among Gram-negative bacilli in Korea, and other resistance mechanisms were commonly associated with 16S rRNA methylase-mediated resistance in Korea
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.5145/KJCM.2010.13.1.19
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Kyungwon(이경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
Chong, Yun Sop(정윤섭)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/101767
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