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Development and evaluation of oligonucleotide chip based on the 16S-23S rRNA gene spacer region for detection of pathogenic microorganisms associated with sepsis.

 Cheol Min Kim  ;  Eun Sil Song  ;  Hyun Jung Jang  ;  Hyun-Ju Kim  ;  Sangyeop Lee  ;  Jeong Hwan Shin  ;  Sun Joo Kim  ;  Seok Hoon Jeong  ;  Joseph Jeong  ;  Kwangnak Koh  ;  Go Eun Choi  ;  Eun Yup Lee  ;  Chulhun L. Chang 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Vol.48(5) : 1578-1583, 2010 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Bacterial Infections/diagnosis* ; Bacterial Infections/microbiology ; Bacteriological Techniques/methods* ; DNA, Bacterial/genetics* ; DNA, Ribosomal Spacer/genetics* ; Humans ; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods* ; Sensitivity and Specificity ; Sepsis/diagnosis* ; Sepsis/microbiology
Oligonucleotide chips targeting the bacterial internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) of the 16S-23S rRNA gene, which contains genus- and species-specific regions, were developed and evaluated. Forty-three sequences were designed consisting of 1 universal, 3 Gram stain-specific, 9 genus-specific, and 30 species-specific probes. The specificity of the probes was confirmed using bacterial type strains including 54 of 52 species belonging to 18 genera. The performance of the probes was evaluated using 825 consecutive samples that were positive by blood culture in broth medium. Among the 825 clinical specimens, 708 (85.8%) were identified correctly by the oligonucleotide chip. Most (536 isolates, or 75.7%) were identified as staphylococci, Escherichia coli, or Klebsiella pneumoniae. Thirty-seven isolates (4.5%) did not bind to the corresponding specific probes. Most of these also were staphylococci, E. coli, or K. pneumoniae and accounted for 6.3% of total number of the species. Sixty-two specimens (7.5%) did not bind the genus- or species-specific probes because of lack of corresponding specific probes. Among them, Acinetobacter baumannii was the single most frequent isolate (26/62). The oligonucleotide chip was highly specific and sensitive in detecting the causative agents of bacteremia directly from positive blood cultures
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jeong, Seok Hoon(정석훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9290-897X
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