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Influence of a microgrooved collar design on soft and hard tissue healing of immediate implantation in fresh extraction sites in dogs

Authors
 Soo-Yeon Shin  ;  Dong-Hoo Han 
Citation
 CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH, Vol.21(8) : 804-814, 2010 
Journal Title
CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH
ISSN
 0905-7161 
Issue Date
2010
MeSH
Alveolar Process/physiology ; Alveolar Process/surgery* ; Animals ; Bone Remodeling/physiology* ; Bone Resorption/prevention & control ; Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods* ; Dental Implants* ; Dogs ; Mandible/physiology ; Mandible/surgery* ; Microscopy, Fluorescence ; Prosthesis Design* ; Surface Properties ; Tooth Extraction ; Tooth Socket/physiology* ; Wound Healing/physiology*
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the alveolar bone reduction after immediate implantation using microgrooved and smooth collar implants in fresh extracted sockets.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four mongrel dogs were used in this study. The full buccal and lingual mucoperiosteal flaps were elevated and the third and fourth premolars of the mandible were removed. The implants were installed in the fresh extracted sockets. The animals were sacrificed after a 3-month healing period. The mandibles were dissected and each implant site was removed and processed for a histological examination.

RESULTS: During healing, the marginal gaps in both groups, which were present between the implant and the socket walls at implantation, disappeared as a result of bone filling and resorption of the bone crest. The buccal bone crests were located apical of its lingual counterparts. At the 12-week interval, the mean bone-implant contact in the microgrooved group was significantly higher than that of the turned surface group. From the observations in some of the microgrooved groups, we have found bone attachment to the 12 mum microgrooved surface and collagen fibers perpendicular to the long axis of the implants over the 8 mum microgrooved surface.

CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, microgrooved implants may provide more favorable conditions for the attachment of hard and soft tissues and reduce the level of marginal bone resorption and soft tissue recession.
Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0501.2010.01917.x/abstract
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0501.2010.01917.x
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Prosthodontics (보철과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Han, Dong Hoo(한동후)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/101281
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