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A prospective comparison of patient body image after robotic thyroidectomy and conventional open thyroidectomy in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

 Sohee Lee  ;  Ha Yan Kim  ;  Cho Rok Lee  ;  Seulkee Park  ;  Haiyoung Son  ;  Sang-Wook Kang  ;  Jong Ju Jeong  ;  Kee-Hyun Nam  ;  Woong Youn Chung  ;  Cheong Soo Park 
 SURGERY, Vol.156(1) : 117-125, 2014 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Body Image* ; Carcinoma/surgery* ; Carcinoma, Papillary ; Cicatrix/etiology ; Cicatrix/psychology* ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Postoperative Complications/psychology* ; Prospective Studies ; Psychological Tests ; Quality of Life ; Robotics* ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery* ; Thyroidectomy/methods* ; Treatment Outcome
BACKGROUND: Body image is associated with self-esteem and identity and has a close relationship with quality of life (QoL). We compared the impact of surgical scars on the patient's perception of body image between conventional open thyroidectomy (OT) and robotic thyroidectomy (RT) in female papillary thyroid carcinoma patients. METHODS: From October 2009 to December 2010, we enrolled prospectively 116 papillary thyroid carcinoma patients who underwent total thyroidectomy at the Yonsei University Health System (Seoul, Korea). Of these 116 patients, 56 had OT and 60 RT. Their scars were assessed using the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS), and psychometric properties were evaluated using the Body Image Scale (BIS) questionnaire postoperatively. Both groups were compared using cross-sectional and time-series methods. RESULTS: Mean age was significantly younger in the RT group. Regarding scar quality, the OT group showed superiority in scar pigmentation and the total VSS score during the early postoperative period, but the VSS score improved over time and was similar between both groups at 9 months. The RT group had better scores regarding most of the BIS items, a trend that remained relatively constant over time. In patients with noticeable scars (VSS ≥ 2) at 9 months, the RT group had better BIS scores regarding almost all items, including "self-conscious," "physical attractiveness," "feeling of less feminine," "sexual attractiveness," "dissatisfaction with body, scar and appearance when dressed," and "avoidance of people due to appearance."
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Sang Wook(강상욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5355-833X
Nam, Kee Hyun(남기현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6852-1190
Park, Cheong Soo(박정수)
Son, Hai Young(손해영)
Lee, Cho Rok(이초록) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7848-3709
Chung, Woong Youn(정웅윤)
Jeong, Jong Ju(정종주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4155-6035
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