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Mechanism of alveolar bone loss in a collagen-induced arthritis model in mice

Authors
 Jung-Chul Park ; Chuanxin Su ; Chang-Sung Kim ; Soo-Kon Lee ; Yong-Beom Park ; Chong-Kwan Kim ; Kyoo-Sung Cho ; Seong-Ho Choi ; Im-Hee Jung 
Citation
 Journal of Clinical Peiodontology, Vol.38(2) : 122~130, 2011 
Journal Title
 Journal of Clinical Peiodontology 
ISSN
 0303-6979 
Issue Date
2011
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to understand the cellular/molecular mechanisms of periodontal breakdown in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model in mice to enhance the understanding of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated alveolar bone loss in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: all analyses were performed on paired samples from CIA and control group mice. Mandibles were retrieved for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), histomorphometric analysis, and isolation of alveolar bone cells (ABCs). In vitro osteoclastogenic/osteogenic/adipogenic potentials of ABCs were evaluated and the mRNA expression of downstream effector genes was assessed. Bone formation of ABCs was assessed using an ectopic transplantation model. RESULTS: histomorphometric and micro-CT data showed that alveolar bone loss was significantly increased in the CIA group (p<0.05). Osteoclastogenesis was significantly increased in the CIA group in vivo (p<0.05), with upregulated mRNA expressions of osteoclastogenesis-associated genes. Osteoblasts appeared to undergo increased apoptosis, and the bone-forming activity of ABCs concomitantly decreased with in vitro osteogenic differentiation and in vivo ectopic transplantation (p<0.05). Also, adipogenesis-associated mRNA expression was highly expressed in the CIA group, resulting in significantly enhanced adipocyte differentiation in vitro (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: these data demonstrate that increased osteoclastic activity, decreased bone-forming activity and enhanced adipogenesis promote alveolar bone loss in a CIA model in mice, and they suggest that these mechanisms could account for the same outcome in human RA.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/92549
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01645.x
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 2. College of Dentistry > Dept. of Periodontology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 5. Research Institutes > Research Center for Orofacial Hard Tissue Regeneration
Yonsei Authors
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Link
 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01645.x/abstract
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