Level of Awareness, Self-efficacy and Knowledge of Research Ethics among Nursing Graduate Students
한국의료윤리학회지, Vol.15(2) : 244~257, 2012
This study aimed to identify the level of awareness, self-efficacy, and knowledge of research ethics among nursing graduate students. A descriptive survey design was used. A total of 102 nursing graduate students were recruited from one nursing school in Korea. Data collection instruments were developed based on the core instructional areas of Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) from the Office of Research Integrity at the research team`s institution. Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire consisting of questions on research ethics. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics using PASW Statistics 18.0 Window program. Participants (mean age=31 years) consisted of master`s (77.5%) and doctoral (22.5%) level students. Only 25.5% of participants had taken a course in research ethics, and 26.5% of participants had experience conducting research as principle investigators. The level of awareness (mean score 2.91 out of 5) and self-efficacy for good research practice (3.15 out of 5) were moderate. The level of knowledge regarding research ethics was low (10.59 out of 16). The area of lowest awareness was ``protection of intellectual property and patents,`` followed by ``justifying authorship``; the area of least knowledge was ``writing research articles,`` followed by ``criteria for authorship.`` Statistically significant correlations were found between awareness, self-efficacy, and knowledge of research ethics (all p<0.05). These results support the conclusion that educational programs for enhancing awareness, self-efficacy, and knowledge of research ethics for graduate nursing students are needed in order to help students conduct ethically sound research.