Phagocytosis and endocytosis of silver nanoparticles induce interleukin-8 production in human macrophages.
Kim S, Choi IH.
Seungjae Kim ; In-Hong Choi
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.53(3) : 654~657, 2012
Yonsei Medical Journal
Phagocytosis or endocytosis by macrophages is critical to the uptake of fine particles, including nanoparticles, in order to initiate toxic effects in cells. Here, our data enhance the understanding of the process of internalization of silver nanoparticles by macrophages. When macrophages were pre-treated with inhibitors to phagocytosis, caveolin-mediated endocytosis, or clathrin-mediated endocytosis, prior to exposure to silver nanoparticles, Interleukin-8 (IL-8) production was inhibited. Although cell death was not reduced, the inflammatory response by macrophages was compromised by phagocytosis and endocytosis inhibitors.