The impact of pretransplant 25-hydroxy vitamin D deficiency on subsequent graft function: an observational study.
Hyunwook Kim ; Shin-Wook Kang ; Kyu Hun Choi ; Yu Seun Kim ; Soon Il Kim ; Myoung Soo Kim ; Tae-Hyun Yoo
BMC Nephrology, Vol.13 : 22, 2012
BACKGROUND: In addition to its canonical role in musculoskeletal health, several reports have demonstrated that serum vitamin D level may influence kidney function. However, the effect of pretransplant serum vitamin D level on subsequent graft function has not been explored. Therefore, this study was undertaken to examine the effect of serum vitamin D level at the time of kidney transplantation (KT) on subsequent graft function.
METHODS: We analyzed 106 patients who underwent KT and for whom 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD) levels were measured during hospitalization prior to transplantation. We measured estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula at baseline and at six-month intervals up to 36 months after KT.
RESULTS: 38.7% of the patients were diagnosed with 25-OHD deficiency defined as less than 10 ng/mL. Recipient gender (female vs. male, odds ratio [OR] 3.30, 95% CI 1.33-8.21, P=0.010), serum albumin level (per 1 mg/dl increase, OR 0.35, 95% CI 0.13-0.98, P=0.047), and predominant renal replacement therapy modality before KT (P<0.001) were found to be independent pretransplant risk factors for 25-OHD deficiency by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Subsequent repeated measures analysis of covariance revealed that 25-OHD level had the only significant main effect on eGFR during the 36-month follow-up period [F (1, 88)=12.07, P=0.001].
CONCLUSIONS: Pretransplant 25-OHD deficiency was significantly associated with a lower post-transplant eGFR, suggesting that 25-OHD may play an important role in maintaining graft function after KT.