Avoidable Causes of Delayed Enteral Nutrition in Critically Ill Children
Hosun Lee ; Shin Ok Koh ; Kyung Won Kim ; Kyu-Earn Kim ; Myung Hyun Sohn ; Hyungmi Kim
Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol.28(7) : 1055~1059, 2013
Journal of Korean Medical Science
To evaluate the incidence of delayed enteral nutrition (EN) and identify avoidable causes of delay, we retrospectively reviewed medical records of 200 children (median age [range]; 37.5 [1-216] months) who stayed in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a minimum of 3 days. Among 200 children, 115 received EN following ICU admission with a median time of EN initiation of 5 days after admission. Of these, only 22 patients achieved the estimated energy requirement. A significant decrease in the final z score of weight for age from the initial assessment was observed in the non-EN group only (-1.3±2.17 to -1.57±2.35, P<0.001). More survivors than non-survivors received EN during their ICU stay (61.2% vs 30.0%, P=0.001) and received EN within 72 hr of ICU admission (19.8% vs 3.3%, P=0.033). The most common reason for delayed EN was gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, followed by altered GI motility and hemodynamic instability. Only eight cases of GI bleeding and one case of altered GI motility were diagnosed as active GI bleeding and ileus, respectively. This study showed that the strategies to reduce avoidable withholding EN are necessary to improve the nutrition status of critically ill children.