International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Vol.19(9) : 1102~1108, 2015
SETTING: Conventional diagnostic methods for tuberculosis (TB) have limited sensitivity and specificity or are time-consuming.
OBJECTIVE: 16S rDNA and 16S rRNA of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) were used as targets to develop sensitive and specific polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) to improve the diagnosis of MTC.
DESIGN: We developed conventional and real-time PCRs targeting 16S rDNA and rRNA of MTC.
RESULTS: PCRs targeting 16S rRNA had a 10-100 times lower limit of detection for M. tuberculosis than PCRs targeting 16S rDNA. The sensitivities of the 16S rDNA PCR, 16S rRNA reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), 16S rDNA real-time PCR and 16S rRNA real-time RT-PCR for sputum specimens were respectively 92%, 94.6%, 96% and 100%. Real-time PCR showed no cross-reactivity, but conventional PCR had cross-reactivity to M. avium, M. gastri and M. nonchromogenicum.
CONCLUSION: PCRs targeting the 16S rRNA of MTC were more sensitive than those targeting 16S rDNA; 16S rRNA real-time RT-PCR showed the highest sensitivity and specificity for MTC.