Retinoic Acid-induced Differentiation of Rat Mesenchymal Stem Cells into β-Cell Lineage
Jaehyung Kim ; Kyungsik Kim ; Hwal Suh ; Yuseun Kim ; Dongjin Joo ; Hyunwoo Kim ; Sangwoo Lee
Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation (대한이식학회지), Vol.29(3) : 118~129, 2015
Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation (대한이식학회지)
Backgrounds: Type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM), an autoimmune disease, is associated with insulin deficiency due to the death of β-cells. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are capable of tissue repair and thus are a promising source of β-cell surrogates.
Methods: In this study, the therapeutic potential of BM-MSCs as β-cell replacements was analyzed both in vitro and in vivo. First, we used retinoic acid (RA) to induce rat BM-MSCs to differentiate into cells of endodermal/pancreatic lineage. Then, differentiated rat BM-MSCs were syngeneically injected under the renal capsule of rats.
Results: Analysis of gene expression revealed that rat BM-MSCs showed signs of early pancreatic development, and differentiated cells were qualitatively and quantitatively confirmed to produce insulin in vitro. In vivo study was performed for short-term (3 weeks) and long-term (8 weeks) period of time. Rats that were injected with differentiated MSCs exhibited a reduction in blood glucose levels throughout 8 weeks, and grafted cells survived in vivo for at least 3 weeks.
Conclusions: These findings show that RA can induce differentiation of MSCs into the β-cell lineage and demonstrate the potential of BM-MSCs to serve as therapeutic tools for T1DM.