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Long-term pharyngeal airway changes after bionator treatment in adolescents with skeletal Class 11 malocclusions

 Seimin Han  ;  Yoon Jeong Choi  ;  Chooryung J. Chung  ;  Ji Young Kim  ;  Kyung-Ho Kim 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, Vol.44(1) : 13-19, 2014 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Functional appliance ; Lateral cephalogram ; Pharyngeal airway ; Skeletal Class II
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term changes in the pharyngeal airway dimensions after functional appliance treatment in adolescents with skeletal Class II malocclusions. METHODS: Pharyngeal airway dimensions were compared between subjects with skeletal Class II malocclusions (n = 24; mean age: 11.6 ± 1.29 years) treated with a Class II bionator and age-matched control subjects with skeletal Class I occlusions (n = 24; mean age: 11.0 ± 1.21 years) using a series of lateral cephalograms obtained at the initial visit (T0), after treatment (T1), and at the completion of growth (T2). RESULTS: The length of the nasopharyngeal region was similar between adolescents with skeletal Class I and Class II malocclusions at all time points, while the lengths of the upper and lower oropharyngeal regions and the pharyngeal airway areas were significantly smaller in the skeletal Class II adolescents before treatment when compared to the control adolescents (p < 0.05). However, following treatment with a functional appliance, the skeletal Class II adolescents had increased pharyngeal airway dimensions, which became similar to those of the control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Functional appliance therapy can increase the pharyngeal airway dimensions in growing adolescents with skeletal Class II malocclusions, and this effect is maintained until the completion of growth.
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Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Ho(김경호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8154-2041
Kim, Ji Young(김지영)
Chung, Chooryung J.(정주령) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-7193
Choi, Yoon Jeong(최윤정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0781-8836
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