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Breakfast eating patterns and the metabolic syndrome: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2007-2009.

Authors
 Ki-Bong Yoo  ;  Hee-Jae Suh  ;  Minjee Lee  ;  Jae-Hyun Kim  ;  Jeoung A Kwon  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, Vol.23(1) : 128-137, 2014 
Journal Title
 ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 
ISSN
 0964-7058 
Issue Date
2014
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Breakfast* ; Dairy Products ; Dietary Fiber/administration & dosage ; Edible Grain ; Energy Intake ; Feeding Behavior/physiology* ; Female ; Humans ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology* ; Metabolic Syndrome/prevention & control ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys* ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors
Keywords
breakfast ; eating patterns ; the metabolic syndrome ; Korea ; dairy-cereal
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to find out the association between eating breakfast, breakfast patterns, and the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: We used the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2009. A total of 16,734 subjects were included. Breakfast dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between breakfast consumption, breakfast dietary patterns, and the metabolic syndrome. RESULTS: We found that breakfast consumption itself reduced the risk of the metabolic syndrome (odds ratio=0.82, 95% confidence interval=0.69-0.98). We identified two breakfast dietary patterns: the traditional Korean pattern and the dairy-cereal pattern. The dairy-cereal pattern was associated with a reduction in the risk of the metabolic syndrome among breakfast consumers. Compared to no breakfast consumption, the strongest traditional Korean pattern and the highest quartiles for the dairy-cereal pattern were associated with a reduced risk of the metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Breakfast consumption is associated with the metabolic syndrome. Not all breakfast consumption patterns are associated with a reduced risk of having the metabolic syndrome. In particular, eating either a dairy-cereal breakfast or high energy and fiber breakfast are associated with a reduced risk of the metabolic syndrome.
Files in This Item:
T201400464.pdf Download
DOI
10.6133/apjcn.2014.23.1.08
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/98216
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