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Sevoflurane 마취 하에 편도절제술을 받는 소아에서 발관 전 Lidocaine의 일회 정주는 각성 흥분과 발관 후 기침을 감소시킨다

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 Intravenous lidocaine prior to extubation reduces emergence agitation and cough in pediatric adenotonsillectomy under sevoflurane anesthesia 
 이지연  ;  김종훈  ;  이기영  ;  김준식  ;  김수환 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF ANESTHESIOLOGY, Vol.53(4) : 458-462, 2007 
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Background Sevoflurane is widely used to ambulatory pediatric anesthesia. But, sevoflurane is associated with a high incidence of emergence agitation in children. In this study, we examined the effect of single intravenous lidocaine prior to extubation on emergence agitation and cough in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy. Methods All patients received a standardized anesthetic regimen with 2-3% sevoflurane in 50% O2/N2O after anesthetic induction with intravenous glycopyrrolate 0.004 mg/kg, thiopental 5 mg/kg and vecuronium 0.1 mg/kg. In a double-blinded trial, 120 children (3-9 years) were randomly assigned to receive normal saline 0.1 ml/kg (Group C), 1% lidocaine 1 mg/kg (Group L1) or 2% lidocaine 2 mg/kg (Group L2), at 1 min after beginning of spontaneous respiration. After extubation, the sedation score and the incidence of agitation and cough were recorded. Results The incidence of agitation and cough in Group L1 and L2 were significantly less than Group C (P < 0.05). At 5 min after arrival at postanesthetic care unit (PACU), more patients in Group L1 and L2 were in deeper sedation (the sedation score ≥ 2) than Group C. More patients in Group L1 were in deeper sedation than Group L2 and C at 10 min after arrival at PACU. Conclusions We conclude that intravenous lidocaine prior to extubation reduces emergence agitation and cough after sevoflurane anesthesia in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Soo Hwan(김수환)
Kim, Jong Hoon(김종훈)
Lee, Ki Young(이기영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-3195
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