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Isoflurane differentially modulates mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production via forward versus reverse electron transport flow: implications for preconditioning

 Naoyuki Hirata  ;  Yon Hee Shim  ;  Danijel Pravdic  ;  Nicole L. Lohr  ;  Philip F. Pratt  ;  Dorothee Weihrauch  ;  Judy R.  ;  Kersten  ;  David C Warltier  ;  Zeljko J. Bosnjak  ;  Martin Bienengraeber 
 Anesthesiology, Vol.115(3) : 531-40, 2011 
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BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate the effects of anesthetic precondition to protect against ischemia and reperfusion injury, but the mechanisms of ROS generation remain unclear. In this study, the authors investigated if mitochondria-targeted antioxidant (mitotempol) abolishes the cardioprotective effects of anesthetic preconditioning. Further, the authors investigated the mechanism by which isoflurane alters ROS generation in isolated mitochondria and submitochondrial particles. METHODS: Rats were pretreated with 0.9% saline, 3.0 mg/kg mitotempol in the absence or presence of 30 min exposure to isoflurane. Myocardial infarction was induced by left anterior descending artery occlusion for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 2 h and infarct size measurements. Mitochondrial ROS production was determined spectrofluorometrically. The effect of isoflurane on enzymatic activity of mitochondrial respiratory complexes was also determined. RESULTS: Isoflurane reduced myocardial infarct size (40 ± 9% = mean ± SD) compared with control experiments (60 ± 4%). Mitotempol abolished the cardioprotective effects of anesthetic preconditioning (60 ± 9%). Isoflurane enhanced ROS generation in submitochondrial particles with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (reduced form), but not with succinate, as substrate. In intact mitochondria, isoflurane enhanced ROS production in the presence of rotenone, antimycin A, or ubiquinone when pyruvate and malate were substrates, but isoflurane attenuated ROS production when succinate was substrate. Mitochondrial respiratory experiments and electron transport chain complex assays revealed that isoflurane inhibited only complex I activity. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that isoflurane produces ROS at complex I and III of the respiratory chain via the attenuation of complex I activity. The action on complex I decreases unfavorable reverse electron flow and ROS release in myocardium during reperfusion
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실)
Yonsei Authors
심연희(Shim, Yon Hee)
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