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Invasion and EMT-associated genes are up-regulated in B viral hepatocellular carcinoma with high expression of CD133-human and cell culture study.

Authors
 Deuk Chae Na ; Jae Eun Lee ; Young Nyun Park ; Gi Hong Choi ; Bong-Kyeong Oh ; Jeong Eun Yoo 
Citation
 Experimental and Molecular Pathology, Vol.90(1) : 66~73, 2011 
Journal Title
 Experimental and Molecular Pathology 
ISSN
 0014-4800 
Issue Date
2011
Abstract
Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) with expression of stem/progenitor cell markers including CD133 have been reported to have more aggressive biological behavior, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), closely related invasion, has been suggested to generate cancer stem cells. To elucidate biological characteristics of HCCs expressing CD133, we evaluated migration assay and the mRNA expression levels of CD133, invasion-associated genes [urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), villin 2 (VIL2), and MMP1 and MMP2], and EMT regulators (Snail, Slug, Twist, E-cadherin, and N-cadherin) by real-time PCR in HCC cell lines including HepG2, Hep3B, Huh7, PLC/RFP/6, SNU423, SNU449, and SNU475. Same genes and pathological features were also investigated in 49 samples of hepatitis B virus-related human HCCs. In all HCC cell lines studied, CD133-positive cells showed higher cell migration activity and up-regulated invasion- and EMT-associated genes with increased N-cadherin and decreased E-cadherin expressions compared to CD133-negative cells. The human HCCs were divided into the CD133-high group (top 40%) and the CD133-low group (bottom 40%) according to the level of CD133 mRNA. The CD133-high group showed relatively frequent vascular invasion and significantly higher expression of invasion-associated genes [uPAR (p=0.002), MMP1 (p=0.01), and MMP2 (p=0.003)] and EMT regulators [Snail (p=0.002) and Twist (p=0.0003)] compared to the CD133-low group. In conclusion, our results suggest that there is a subtype of HCC with high expression of CD133, which might have more invasive characteristics by up-regulation of invasion-associated genes and EMT-associated genes.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/92663
DOI
10.1016/j.yexmp.2010.10.003
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Pathology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Medical Research Center
Yonsei Authors
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Link
 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014480010001322
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