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Nutritional status of patients treated with radiotherapy as determined by subjective global assessment

Authors
 Woong Sub Koom  ;  Seung Do Ahn  ;  Si Yeol Song  ;  Chang Geol Lee  ;  Sung Ho Moon  ;  Eui Kyu Chie  ;  Hong Seok Jang  ;  Young-Taek Oh  ;  Ho Sun Lee  ;  Ki Chang Keum 
Citation
 Radiation Oncology Journal, Vol.30(3) : 132-139, 2012 
Journal Title
 Radiation Oncology Journal 
ISSN
 1229-8719 
Issue Date
2012
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective multi-institutional study was to evaluate the nutritional status of patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) for treatment of head and neck, lung, or gastrointestinal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,000 patients were enrolled in this study at seven different hospitals in Seoul, Korea between October 2009 and May 2010. The nutritional status of patients after receiving 3 weeks of RT was evaluated using subjective global assessment (SGA). The nutritional status of each patient was rated as well nourished (A), moderately malnourished (B), or severely malnourished (C). RESULTS: The mean age of patients in this study was 59.4 ± 11.9 years, and the male to female ratio was 7:3. According to the SGA results, 60.8%, 34.5%, and 4.7% of patients were classified as A, B, or C, respectively. The following criteria were significantly associated with malnutrition (SGA B or C; p < 0.001): loss of subcutaneous fat or muscle wasting (odds ratio [OR], 11.473); increased metabolic demand/stress (OR, 8.688); ankle, sacral edema, or ascites (OR, 3.234); and weight loss ≥5% (OR, 2.299). CONCLUSION: SGA was applied successfully to assess the nutritional status of most patients. The prevalence of malnutrition in a radiation oncology department was 39.2%. The results of this study serve as a basis for implementation of nutrition intervention to patients being treated at radiation oncology departments.
Files in This Item:
T201203343.pdf Download
DOI
10.3857/roj.2012.30.3.132
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Keum, Ki Chang(금기창) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4123-7998
Koom, Woong Sub(금웅섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9435-7750
Song, Si Young(송시영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1417-4314
Lee, Chang Geol(이창걸) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8702-881X
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/91774
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