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Three-dimensional vector analysis of mandibular structural asymmetry

 Kyung-Ran Park  ;  Hyung-Seog Park  ;  Zhengguo Piao  ;  Moon-Key Kim  ;  Hyung-Seog Yu  ;  Jin Keun Seo  ;  Sang-Hwy Lee 
 Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery, Vol.41(4) : 338-344, 2013 
Journal Title
 Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVES: The three-dimensional (3D) asymmetric structure of the mandible makes it necessary to analyze both its size and angle. Currently the developing 3D analysis techniques are not able to perform the simultaneous linear and angular measurements. Our aim was to evaluate mandibular asymmetry using a vector-based system by constructing 3D vectors for the mandibular functional units. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed the 3D computed tomography images of normal control (N = 27) and asymmetric mandibles (N = 40). We created 3D vectors for the condylar, coronoid, body, gonial, and symphyseal functional units and compared the corresponding pairs of 3D vectors by calculating vector operations. RESULTS: The vector difference and other vector components represented the individual 3D architectural pattern and severity of the asymmetric mandible. The body unit contributed most to mandibular asymmetry followed by the condylar unit. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that 3D vector analysis can improve our understanding of the 3D architecture of asymmetric mandibles. This type of 3D vector analysis can be a useful tool for the comprehensive evaluation of its asymmetric mandibular structure.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김문기(Kim, Moon Key)
박경란(Park, Kyung Ran)
유형석(Yu, Hyung Seog) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1275-5078
이상휘(Lee, Sang Hwy)
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