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Virulence Traits and Azole Resistance in Korean Candida auris Isolates

 Seung A Byun  ;  Yong Jun Kwon  ;  Ga Yeong Lee  ;  Min Ji Choi  ;  Seok Hoon Jeong  ;  Dokyun Kim  ;  Min Hyuk Choi  ;  Seung-Jung Kee  ;  Soo Hyun Kim 1  ;  Myung Geun Shin  ;  Eun Jeong Won  ;  Jong Hee Shin 
 JOURNAL OF FUNGI, Vol.9(10) : 979, 2023-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Candida auris ; azole resistance ; virulence
We analyzed the virulence traits and azole resistance mechanisms of 104 Candida auris isolates collected from 13 Korean hospitals from 1996 to 2022. Of these 104 isolates, 96 (5 blood and 91 ear isolates) belonged to clade II, and 8 (6 blood and 2 other isolates) belonged to clade I. Fluconazole resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration ≥32 mg/L) was observed in 68.8% of clade II and 25.0% of clade I isolates. All 104 isolates were susceptible to amphotericin B and three echinocandins. In 2022, six clade I isolates indicated the first nosocomial C. auris cluster in Korea. Clade II C. auris isolates exhibited reduced thermotolerance at 42 °C, with diminished in vitro competitive growth and lower virulence in the Galleria mellonella model compared to non-clade II isolates. Of the 66 fluconazole-resistant clade II isolates, several amino acid substitutions were identified: Erg11p in 14 (21.2%), Tac1Ap in 2 (3.0%), Tac1Bp in 62 (93.9%), and Tac1Bp F214S in 33 (50.0%). Although there were a limited number of non-clade II isolates studied, our results suggest that clade II C. auris isolates from Korean hospitals might display lower virulence traits than non-clade II isolates, and their primary fluconazole resistance mechanism is linked to Tac1Bp mutations. © 2023 by the authors.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dokyun(김도균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0348-5440
Jeong, Seok Hoon(정석훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9290-897X
Choi, Min Hyuk(최민혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9801-9874
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