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New Metric to Evaluate Cardiac Anisotropic Mechanics by Directional High-Frequency Ultrasound-Based Transverse Wave Elastography

 Seungyeop Lee  ;  Lucy Youngmin Eun  ;  Jae Youn Hwang  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Yongsoon Eun 
 IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, Vol.70(7) : 653-667, 2023-07 
Journal Title
 IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control 
Issue Date
Animals ; Anisotropy ; Elasticity Imaging Techniques* / methods ; Heart / diagnostic imaging ; Heart Diseases* ; Rats ; Ultrasonography
The evaluation of cardiac anisotropic mechanics is important in the diagnosis of heart disease. However, other representative ultrasound imaging-based metrics, which are capable of quantitatively evaluating anisotropic cardiac mechanics, are insufficient for accurately diagnosing heart disease due to the influence of viscosity and geometry of cardiac tissues. In this study, we propose a new ultrasound imaging-based metric, maximum cosine similarity, for quantifying anisotropic mechanics of cardiac tissues by evaluating the periodicity of the transverse wave speeds depending on the measurement directions using ultrasound imaging. We developed a high-frequency ultrasound-based directional transverse wave imaging system to measure the transverse wave speed in multiple directions. The ultrasound imaging-based metric was validated by performing experiments on forty rats randomly assigned to four groups; three doxorubicin treatment groups received 10 mg/kg, 15 mg/kg, or 20 mg/kg doxorubicin, while the control group received 0.2 ml/kg saline. In each heart sample, the developed ultrasound imaging system allowed measuring transverse wave speeds in multiple directions, and the new metric was then calculated from 3D ultrasound transverse wave images to evaluate the degree of anisotropic mechanics of the heart sample. The results of the metric were compared with histopathological changes for validation. A decrease in the maximum cosine similarity value was observed in the doxorubicin treatment groups, with the degree of decrease depending on the dose. These results are consistent with the histopathological features, suggesting that our ultrasound imaging-based metric can quantify the anisotropic mechanics of cardiac tissues and potentially be used for the early diagnosis of heart disease.

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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Eun, Lucy Youngmin(은영민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4577-3168
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