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ST-segment elevation versus non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in current smokers after newer-generation drug-eluting stent implantation

 Yong Hoon Kim  ;  Ae-Young Her  ;  Myung Ho Jeong  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Seung-Jun Lee  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
 MEDICINE, Vol.100(49) : e28214, 2021-12 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Cohort Studies ; Drug-Eluting Stents / adverse effects* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction / surgery* ; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention / adverse effects ; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention / methods* ; Retrospective Studies ; ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction / surgery* ; Smokers* ; Smoking ; Treatment Outcome
We compared the 2-year major clinical outcomes between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) in patients who are current smokers who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with newer-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs). The availability of data in this regard is limited.A total of 8357 AMI patients were included and divided into 2 groups: the STEMI group (n = 5124) and NSTEMI group (n = 3233). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), or coronary repeat revascularization. The secondary endpoints were the cumulative incidences of the individual components of MACE and stent thrombosis (definite or probable).After propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis, 2 PSM groups (2250 pairs, C-statistics = 0.795) were generated. In the PSM patients, both for 1 month and at 2 years, the cumulative incidence of MACE (P = .183 and P = .655, respectively), all-cause death, cardiac death, re-MI, all-cause death or MI, any repeat revascularization, and stent thrombosis (P = .998 and P = .341, respectively) was not significantly different between the STEMI and NSTEMI groups. In addition, these results were confirmed using multivariate analysis.In the era of contemporary newer-generation DESs, both during 1 month and at 2 years after index PCI, the major clinical outcomes were not significantly different between the STEMI and NSTEMI groups confined to the patients who are current smokers. However, further research is needed to confirm these results.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Lee, Seung-Jun(이승준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9201-4818
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
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