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Missed Skeletal Trauma Detected by Whole Body Bone Scan in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

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dc.description.abstractObjective : Unclear mental state is one of the major factors contributing to diagnostic failure of occult skeletal trauma in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the overlooked co-occurring skeletal trauma through whole body bone scan (WBBS) in TBI. Methods : A retrospective study of 547 TBI patients admitted between 2015 and 2017 was performed to investigate their co-occurring skeletal injuries detected by WBBS. The patients were divided into three groups based on the timing of suspecting skeletal trauma confirmed : 1) before WBBS (pre-WBBS); 2) after the routine WBBS (post-WBBS) with good mental state and no initial musculoskeletal complaints; and 3) afterthe routine WBBS with poor mental state (poor MS). The skeletal trauma detected by WBBS was classified into six skeletal categories : spine, upper and lower extremities, pelvis, chest wall, and clavicles. The skeletal injuries identified by WBBS were confirmed to be simple contusion or fractures by other imaging modalities such as X-ray or computed tomography (CT) scans. Of the six categorizations of skeletal trauma detected as hot uptake lesions in WBBS, the lesions of spine, upper and lower extremities were further statistically analyzed to calculate the incidence rates of actual fractures (AF) and actual surgery (AS) cases over the total number of hot uptake lesions in WBBS. Results : Of 547 patients with TBI, 112 patients (20.4 %) were presented with TBI alone. Four hundred and thirty-five patients with TBI had co-occurring skeletal injuries confirmed by WBBS. The incidences were as follows : chest wall (27.4%), spine (22.9%), lower extremities (20.2%), upper extremities (13.5%), pelvis (9.4%), and clavicles (6.3%). It is notable that relatively larger number of positive hot uptakes were observed in the groups of post-WBBS and poor MS. The percentage of post-WBBS group over the total hot uptake lesions in upper and lower extremities, and spines were 51.0%, 43.8%, and 41.7%, respectively, while their percentages of AS were 2.73%, 1.1%, and 0%, respectively. The percentages of poor MS group in the upper and lower extremities, and spines were 10.4%, 17.4%, and 7.8%, respectively, while their percentages of AS were 26.7%, 14.2%, and 11.1%, respectively. There was a statistical difference in the percentage of AS between the groups of post-WBBS and poor MS (p=0.000). Conclusion : WBBS is a potential diagnostic tool in understanding the skeletal conditions of patients with head injuries which may be undetected during the initial assessment.-
dc.publisherKorean Neurosurgical Society-
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 2.0 KR-
dc.titleMissed Skeletal Trauma Detected by Whole Body Bone Scan in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury-
dc.contributor.collegeCollege of Medicine (의과대학)-
dc.contributor.departmentDept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실)-
dc.contributor.googleauthorYongsik Seo-
dc.contributor.googleauthorKum Whang-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJinsu Pyen-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJongwook Choi-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJoneyeon Kim-
dc.contributor.googleauthorJiwoong Oh-
dc.subject.keywordBrain injuries, Traumatic-
dc.subject.keywordFractures, Bone-
dc.subject.keywordRadionuclide image-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameOh, Ji Woong-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationJOURNAL OF KOREAN NEUROSURGICAL SOCIETY, Vol.63(5) : 649-656, 2020-09-
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers


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