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Trends in Prediabetes and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Associated with Abdominal Obesity among Korean Children and Adolescents: Based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2009 and 2018

 Kyungchul Song  ;  Goeun Park  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Myeongseob Lee  ;  Hae In Lee  ;  Jungmin Ahn  ;  Eunbyoul Lee  ;  Han Saem Choi  ;  Junghwan Suh  ;  Ahreum Kwon  ;  Ho-Seong Kim  ;  Hyun Wook Chae 
 BIOMEDICINES, Vol.10(3) : 584, 2022-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
adolescent ; child ; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease ; prediabetic state ; prevalence ; trend
Investigations on the trends of prediabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among children are scarce. We aimed to analyze the trends of prediabetes and NAFLD, as well as their association, among Korean children and adolescents from 2009 to 2018. This study investigated the prevalence of prediabetes, NAFLD, and abdominal obesity among 6327 children and adolescents aged 10-18 years according to age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) using a nationally representative survey. The prevalence of prediabetes, NAFLD, and abdominal obesity increased from 5.14%, 8.17%, and 5.97% respectively, in 2009 to 10.46%, 12.05%, and 10.51% respectively, in 2018. In age-specific analyses, an adverse trend in NAFLD was significant only in participants aged 16-18 years while the prevalence of prediabetes worsened significantly in all age groups. In BMI-specific analyses, the prevalence of prediabetes and NAFLD increased significantly only in participants with normal BMI. In logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio of prediabetes for NAFLD was 1.85 and those of abdominal obesity for prediabetes and NAFLD was 1.85 and 9.34, respectively. Our results demonstrated that the prevalence of prediabetes and NAFLD was increasing in association with abdominal obesity in Korean children and adolescents.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Ah Reum(권아름) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9692-2135
Kim, Ho Seong(김호성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1135-099X
Park, Goeun(박고은)
Suh, Junghwan(서정환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2092-2585
Song, Kyungchul(송경철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8497-5934
Ahn, Jung Min(안정민)
Lee, Myeongseob(이명섭)
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Chae, Hyun Wook(채현욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5016-8539
Choi, Han Saem(최한샘) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4140-0345
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