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Incidence rate of active tuberculosis in solid organ transplant recipients: Data from a nationwide population cohort in a high-endemic country

Authors
 Da Eun Kwon  ;  Sang Hoon Han  ;  Kyung Do Han  ;  Yeonju La  ;  Kyoung Hwa Lee 
Citation
 TRANSPLANT INFECTIOUS DISEASE, Vol.23(6) : e13729, 2021-12 
Journal Title
TRANSPLANT INFECTIOUS DISEASE
ISSN
 1398-2273 
Issue Date
2021-12
MeSH
Adolescent ; Humans ; Incidence ; Organ Transplantation* / adverse effects ; Risk Factors ; Transplant Recipients ; Tuberculosis* / drug therapy ; Tuberculosis* / epidemiology ; Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors
Keywords
cohort ; incidence ; solid organ transplantation ; tuberculosis
Abstract
Background: The management of active tuberculosis (TB) in solid organ transplantation (SOT) recipients is challenging given the pharmacological interaction and the potential delays in diagnosis due to atypical presentation. The incidence rates (IRs) of post-SOT TB from the whole recipients' cohort in a high-endemic country have not been evaluated.

Methods: We established a SOT cohort (n = 15 598) and confirmed cases of TB between 2011 and 2015 from the Korean National Health Insurance Database using ICD-10 codes. After excluding 1302 and 180 SOT-recipients due to age (<18 years) and presence of pre-SOT TB and/or treatment for latent TB during wash-out period between 2006 and cohort entry, we analyzed 14 116 SOT recipients and 70 580 individuals with no history of SOT matched by age and sex. The hazard ratios (HRs) of IRs were adjusted for age, sex, low-income status, diabetes mellitus, chronic co-morbidities, and anti-TNF-α therapy.

Results: The IR of TB was significantly higher (adjusted HR [aHR]: 6.1, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.5-7.6) in SOT recipients (4.9/1000 person-years) than in non-SOT individuals (0.8/1000 person-years). Of the transplanted organs, the pancreas (pancreas alone and simultaneous pancreas-kidney) and lung had the highest IR (aHR: 16.3 [6.1-42.2] and 16.1 [5.9-43.8], respectively). The use of anti-thymocyte globulin and azathioprine was associated with a higher IR (aHR: 1.53 [1.01-2.43] and 3.92 [1.21-12.47], respectively), but basiliximab was associated with a lower IR (aHR: 0.67 [0.48-0.98]).

Conclusion: The IR of TB in SOT recipients, especially in the pancreas and lung, was significantly higher than that in the non-SOT population.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/tid.13729
DOI
10.1111/tid.13729
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Da Eun(권다은)
La, Yeonju(라연주)
Lee, Kyoung Hwa(이경화) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0033-1398
Han, Sang Hoon(한상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4278-5198
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187456
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