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The Effects of Korean Red Ginseng on Biological Aging and Antioxidant Capacity in Postmenopausal Women: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study

Authors
 Tae-Ha Chung  ;  Ji-Hye Kim  ;  So-Young Seol  ;  Yon-Ji Kim  ;  Yong-Jae Lee 
Citation
 NUTRIENTS, Vol.13(9) : 3090, 2021-08 
Journal Title
NUTRIENTS
Issue Date
2021-08
Keywords
Korean red ginseng ; antioxidant activity ; biological aging ; fatigue ; postmenopausal women
Abstract
Postmenopausal women are vulnerable to aging and oxidative stress due to reduced estrogen. Previous studies have shown that Korean red ginseng (KRG) has beneficial effects on aging and antioxidant capacity. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of KRG on biological aging and antioxidant capacity in postmenopausal women. This study conducted a double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. The participants were randomly administered KRG or a placebo, and the following metrics were measured: mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) copy number as an indicator of biological aging and, total antioxidant status (TAS) as a marker of antioxidant capacity. Clinical symptoms of fatigue, as measured by the fatigue severity scale, were assessed before and after KRG administration. There were 63 participants, of whom 33 received KRG and 30 received a placebo. The mtDNA copy number (KRG group: 1.58 ± 2.05, placebo group: 0.28 ± 2.36, p = 0.023) and TAS (KRG group: 0.11 ± 0.25 mmol/L, placebo group: −0.04 ± 0.16 mmol/L, p = 0.011) increased and the fatigue severity scale (KRG group: −7 ± 12, placebo group: −1 ± 11, p = 0.033) decreased significantly more in the KRG group than the placebo group. KRG significantly increased the mtDNA copy number, total antioxidant status, and improved symptoms of fatigue in postmenopausal women.
Files in This Item:
T202103886.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/nu13093090
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ji-Hye(김지혜) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5719-8180
Seol, So Young(설소영)
Lee, Yong Jae(이용제) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-476X
Chung, Tae-Ha(정태하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5873-3352
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/184861
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