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Enamel Demineralization Resistance and Remineralization by Various Fluoride-Releasing Dental Restorative Materials

Authors
 Min-Ji Kim  ;  Myung-Jin Lee  ;  Kwang-Mahn Kim  ;  Song-Yi Yang  ;  Ji-Young Seo  ;  Sung-Hwan Choi  ;  Jae-Sung Kwon 
Citation
 MATERIALS, Vol.14(16) : 4554, 2021-08 
Journal Title
MATERIALS
Issue Date
2021-08
Keywords
fluoride-releasing restorative material ; acid neutralizing property ; fluoride release ; calcium concentration ; demineralization resistance ; remineralization
Abstract
The aim of this study is to investigate the resistance of various fluoride-releasing restorative materials against the demineralization and remineralization of enamel surfaces, including those that have been recently introduced to the market. Three different fluoride-releasing restorative materials were considered: glass ionomer (FI), resin-modified glass ionomer (RL), and an alkasite restorative material (CN). The acid neutralization ability was investigated using pH measurement, and the concentrations of released fluoride and calcium ions were measured. Finally, the demineralization resistance and remineralization effects of enamel were observed using a microhardness tester and SEM. CN showed an initial substantial increase in pH followed by a steady increase, with values higher than those of the other groups (p < 0.05). All three groups released fluoride ions, and the CN group released more calcium ions than the other groups (p < 0.05). In the acid resistance test, from the microhardness and SEM images, the CN group showed effective resistance to demineralization. In the remineralization test, the microhardness results showed that the FI and CN groups recovered the microhardness from the values of the demineralized enamel surface (p < 0.05). This was confirmed by the SEM images from remineralization tests; the CN group showed a recovered demineralized surface when immersed in artificial saliva for 7 days. In conclusion, alkasite restorative material can be an effective material when used in cariogenic environments.
Files in This Item:
T202103486.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ma14164554
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Jae-Sung(권재성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7730
Kim, Kwang Mahn(김광만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5235-0294
Yang, Song Yi(양송이)
Choi, Sung Hwan(최성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/184719
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