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Prognostic significance of bone marrow and spleen 18 F-FDG uptake in patients with colorectal cancer

 Jae-Hoon Lee  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Soyoung Kim  ;  Eun Jung Park  ;  Seung Hyuk Baik  ;  Tae Joo Jeon  ;  Kang Young Lee  ;  Young Hoon Ryu  ;  Jeonghyun Kang 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 12137, 2021-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Serum inflammatory markers are used in the prognostication of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the corresponding role of positron emission tomography (PET)-derived inflammatory markers remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the bone marrow and spleen of patients with CRC and evaluate the relationship between FDG uptake estimates in these organs and serum inflammatory markers. In total, 411 patients who underwent preoperative FDG PET/computed tomography (CT) within 1 month of surgery were enrolled. The mean standardized uptake values of the bone marrow and spleen were normalized to the value of the liver, thereby generating bone marrow-to-liver uptake ratio (BLR) and spleen-to-liver uptake ratio (SLR) estimates. The value of BLR and SLR in predicting overall survival (OS) was assessed using the Cox proportional hazards model. The correlation between BLR or SLR and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was evaluated. The predictive accuracy of BLR alone and in combination with SLR was compared using the integrated area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (iAUC). In the univariate analysis, BLR (> 1.06) and SLR (> 0.93) were significant predictors of OS. In the multivariate analysis, BLR was an independent predictor of OS (hazard ratio = 5.279; p < 0.001). Both BLR and SLR were correlated with NLR (p < 0.001). A combination of BLR and SLR was better than BLR alone at CRC prognostication (iAUC, 0.561 vs. 0.542). FDG uptake estimates in the bone marrow and spleen may be useful imaging-derived biomarkers of systemic inflammation, supporting CRC prognostication.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jeonghyun(강정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7311-6053
Kim, Soyoung(김소영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6163-1434
Park, Eun Jung(박은정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4559-2690
Baik, Seung Hyuk(백승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4183-2332
Ryu, Young Hoon(유영훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9000-5563
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
Lee, Jae Hoon(이재훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9898-9886
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Jeon, Tae Joo(전태주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7574-6734
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