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Maintenance of the Neuroprotective Function of the Amino Group Blocked Fluorescence-Agmatine

 Sumit Barua  ;  A Young Sim  ;  Jong Youl Kim  ;  Injae Shin  ;  Jong Eun Lee 
 NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH, Vol.46(8) : 1933-1940, 2021-08 
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Agmatine ; Guanidine ; NMDA ; Neuroprotection
Agmatine, an endogenous derivative of arginine, has been found to be effective in treating idiopathic pain, convulsion, stress-mediated behavior, and attenuate the withdrawal symptoms of drugs like morphine. In the early stages of ischemic brain injury in animals, exogenous agmatine treatment was found to be neuroprotective. Agmatine is also considered as a putative neurotransmitter and is still an experimental drug. Chemically, agmatine is called agmatine 1-(4-aminobutyl guanidine). Crystallographic study data show that positively-charged guanidine can bind to the protein containing Gly and Asp residues, and the amino group can interact with the complimentary sites of Glu and Ser. In this study, we blocked the amino end of the agmatine by conjugating it with FITC, but the guanidine end was unchanged. We compared the neuroprotective function of the agmatine and agmatine-FITC by treating them in neurons after excitotoxic stimulation. We found that even the amino end blocked neuronal viability in the excitotoxic condition, by NMDA treatment for 1 h, was increased by agmatine-FITC, which was similar to that of agmatine. We also found that the agmatine-FITC treatment reduced the expression of nitric oxide production in NMDA-treated cells. This study suggests that even if the amino end of agmatine is blocked, it can perform its neuroprotective function.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jong Youl(김종열) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8340-2894
Lee, Jong Eun(이종은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6203-7413
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