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An Increase in Medial Joint Space Width After Medial Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy Is Associated With an Increase in the Postoperative Weight-Bearing Line Ratio Rather Than With Cartilage Regeneration: Comparative Analysis of Patients Who Underwent Second-Look Arthroscopic Assessment

Authors
 Hyun-Soo Moon  ;  Chong-Hyuk Choi  ;  Je-Hyun Yoo  ;  Min Jung  ;  Tae-Ho Lee  ;  Jun-Woo Byun  ;  Sung-Hwan Kim 
Citation
 ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, Vol.37(2) : 657-668.e4, 2021-02 
Journal Title
 ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY 
ISSN
 0749-8063 
Issue Date
2021-02
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate relevant factors influencing increases in medial joint space width (JSW) after medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO). Methods: Between January 2010 and December 2018, the electronic medical records of consecutive patients who underwent MOWHTO and subsequent second-look arthroscopic assessment at least 12 months after MOWHTO were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were classified into 2 groups according to changes in the medial JSW of the knee at the time of the second-look operation compared with that at baseline before the initial surgical procedure. Various radiographic parameters, arthroscopic findings, and clinical scores were compared between the groups, and regression analysis was performed to identify factors related to increases in medial JSW. Results: A total of 114 patients were analyzed. In a bivariate analysis, patients who experienced an increase in medial JSW showed a significantly higher postoperative weight-bearing line ratio (WBLR) (P = .008) and a greater proportion of severe preoperative cartilage lesions in the medial compartment of the knee compared with patients with a maintained or reduced medial JSW (P = .035). In terms of clinical scores, patients with an increased medial JSW showed relatively favorable clinical outcomes at the time of the second-look operation. Regression analysis indicated only postoperative WBLR as a relevant factor associated with an increase in medial JSW after MOWHTO (odds ratio, 1.057; P = .01). Additional analysis with patients reclassified according to the postoperative WBLR showed that as the postoperative WBLR increased, the medial JSW increased, without a significant change in the lateral JSW. Conclusions: An increase in the medial JSW of the knee joint after MOWHTO appears to be associated with an increase in the postoperative WBLR, not with cartilage regeneration. Obtaining adequate correction so that the postoperative WBLR is within 60% to 70% would be desirable in terms of postoperative changes in the medial JSW, as well as clinical outcomes. Level of evidence: Level III, retrospective cohort study.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749806320308057
DOI
10.1016/j.arthro.2020.09.042
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Hwan(김성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5743-6241
Moon, Hyun-Soo(문현수)
Jung, Min(정민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7527-4802
Choi, Chong Hyuk(최종혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9080-4904
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182063
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