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Hepatitis B Virus Cure: Targets and Future Therapies

Authors
 Hye Won Lee  ;  Jae Seung Lee  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, Vol.22(1) : 213, 2020-12 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 
Issue Date
2020-12
Keywords
cure ; hepatitis B ; target ; treatment
Abstract
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global health problem. It can cause progressive liver fibrosis leading to cirrhosis with end-stage liver disease, and a markedly increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. In the last two decades, substantial progress has been made in the treatment of chronic hepatitis, B. However, HBV is often reactivated after stopping nucloes(t)ide analogues because antivirals alone do not directly target covalently closed circular DNA, which is the template for all viral RNAs. Therefore, although currently available antiviral therapies achieve suppression of HBV replication in the majority of patients, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss and seroconversion is rarely achieved despite long-term antiviral treatment (HBsAg loss of less than 10% in 5 years). Various clinical trials of agents that interrupt the HBV life cycle in hepatocytes have been conducted. Potential treatment strategies and new agents are emerging as HBV cure. A combination of current and new anti-HBV agents may increase the rate of HBsAg seroclearance; thus, optimized regimens must be validated. Here, we review the newly investigated therapeutic compounds and the results of preclinical and/or clinical trials.
Files in This Item:
T202006272.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijms22010213
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Lee, Jae Seung(이재승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0967
Lee, Hye Won(이혜원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3552-3560
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/181621
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