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Enhanced Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Amine-Functionalized Titanium Using Humidified Ammonia Supplied Nonthermal Atmospheric Pressure Plasma

Authors
 Jae-Sung Kwon  ;  Sung-Hwan Choi  ;  Eun Ha Choi  ;  Kwang-Mahn Kim  ;  Paul K Chu 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, Vol.21(17) : 6085, 2020-08 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
Issue Date
2020-08
Keywords
amine ; atmospheric-pressure plasma ; mesenchymal stem cells ; osteogenic differentiation ; titanium
Abstract
The surface molecular chemistry, such as amine functionality, of biomaterials plays a crucial role in the osteogenic activity of relevant cells and tissues during hard tissue regeneration. Here, we examined the possibilities of creating amine functionalities on the surface of titanium by using the nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma jet (NTAPPJ) method with humidified ammonia, and the effects on human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) were investigated. Titanium samples were subjected to NTAPPJ treatments using nitrogen (N-P), air (A-P), or humidified ammonia (NA-P) as the plasma gas, while control (C-P) samples were not subjected to plasma treatment. After plasma exposure, all treatment groups showed increased hydrophilicity and had more attached cells than the C-P. Among the plasma-treated samples, the A-P and NA-P showed surface oxygen functionalities and exhibited greater cell proliferation than the C-P and N-P. The NA-P additionally showed surface amine-related functionalities and exhibited a higher level of alkaline phosphatase activity and osteocalcin expression than the other samples. The results can be explained by increases in fibronectin absorption and focal adhesion kinase gene expression on the NA-P samples. These findings suggest that NTAPPJ technology with humidified ammonia as a gas source has clinical potential for hard tissue generation.
Files in This Item:
T202003403.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijms21176085
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Jae-Sung(권재성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7730
Kim, Kwang Mahn(김광만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5235-0294
Choi, Sung Hwan(최성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179668
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