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Sex-dependent association of urate on the patterns of striatal dopamine depletion in Parkinson's disease

 K Baik  ;  S J Chung  ;  H S Yoo  ;  Y H Lee  ;  J H Jung  ;  Y H Sohn  ;  P H Lee 
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, Vol.27(5) : 773-778, 2020-05 
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Issue Date
Parkinson’s disease ; dopamine transporter ; sex ; urate
Background and purpose: The aim was to investigate the relationship between the serum urate (UA) levels and patterns of striatal dopamine depletion in patients with de novo Parkinson's disease (PD).

Methods: In all, 167 de novo PD patients who underwent 18 F-fluorinated N-3-fluoropropyl-2-beta-carboxymethoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane positron emission tomography scans were enrolled. After quantifying dopamine transporter (DAT) availability in each striatal subregion, sex-dependent patterns of striatal dopamine depletion were analysed by measuring (i) dopamine depletion in the other striatal subregions and posterior putamen (intersubregional ratio, ISR) and (ii) the interhemispheric asymmetry of dopamine depletion in the posterior putamen (asymmetric ratio, AR).

Results: The interaction analysis revealed a significant interaction effect of sex and serum UA levels on the ISR but not on the AR. The ISR was negatively correlated with the serum UA levels in all patients with PD (r = -0.156, P = 0.045), and this association was more prominent in male PD patients (r = -0.422, P < 0.001). However, no significant association between the AR and serum UA levels was found in any of the patients. In addition, serum UA levels were significantly associated with DAT availability in the posterior putamen on both the more affected side (r = 0.312, P = 0.005) and the less affected side (r = 0.312, P = 0.005) only in male PD patients.

Conclusions: The present study demonstrated the potentially close sex-specific relationship between the serum UA levels and the anterior-posterior gradient of DAT patterns, suggesting a sex-specific protective effect of UA on nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons in de novo PD.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Baik, Kyoungwon(백경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7215-375X
Sohn, Young Ho(손영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-2610
Yoo, Han Soo(유한수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7846-6271
Lee, Yang Hyun(이양현)
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
Chung, Seok Jong(정석종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-3199
Jung, Jin Ho(정진호)
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