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심장 점액종의 임상적 고찰

Other Titles
 A Review of Cardiae Myxoma 
 강웅철  ;  하종원  ;  장병철  ;  권진욱  ;  임세중  ;  정남식  ;  조승연 
 Korean Circulation Journal (순환기), Vol.28(7) : 1131-1140, 1998 
Journal Title
 Korean Circulation Journal (순환기) 
Issue Date
Background and Objectives : Cardiac myxomas are uncommon. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to reduce morbidity or mortality. Before 1970, preoperative diagnosis was difficult. With the development of echocardiography, a correct diagnosis is made before operation. We reviewed our clinical experience in diagnosis and management of 52 cases of myxomas seen over a 33-year period, 1966 to 1998. Patients and Methods : There were 20 males (38%) and 32 females (62%) ; age range 7 80. All the patients medical records were reviewed. In twenty-five patients in whom echocardiographic features could be reviewed, clinical fetures were compared according to two distinct echocardiographic features ; Round and polypoid type. Results : Eighty-four percents of the presenting symptoms were cardiac origin while systemic embolism (SE) accounted for 15%. Echocardiography was used most often for diagnosis. The myxomas were located in the left atrium in 50 (96%), right atrium in 2 (06). One patient had multiple myxoma. The incidence of SE was significantly higher in polypoid type than in round type (58% vs 0%, p<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis revealed polypoid type was the only independent predictor of SE(p = 0.0029). Follow-up duration was ranged from 1 to 266 months. There was no deaths associated with myxoma. One patient presented with a recurrence 3 years after resection, and reoperation was performed uneventfully. Conclusion : Due to the nonspecific presentation of myxoma, a high index of suspicion is needed. Surgical excision of myxoma can be considered curative with excellent long-term result. However, because of high possible occurrence of SE, a close attention should be given to those patients who have myxoma of polypoid type.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Rim, Se Joong(임세중) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7631-5581
Ha, Jong Won(하종원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
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