0 25

Cited 0 times in

Comparative Results of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube and QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus Assays for Detection of Tuberculosis Infection in Clinical Samples

Authors
 Dongju Won  ;  Jung Yong Park  ;  Hyon-Suk Kim  ;  Younhee Park 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Vol.58(4) : e01854-19, 2020-03 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 
ISSN
 0095-1137 
Issue Date
2020-03
Keywords
IGRA ; QFT-GIT ; QFT-Plus ; tuberculosis
Abstract
The QuantiFERON-TB Gold plus (QFT-Plus) assay, an interferon gamma (IFN-γ) release assay (IGRA), was recently introduced as the next version of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) assay for diagnosing latent tuberculosis (TB). Whereas the QFT-GIT assay uses only one TB tube that induces a cell-mediated immune (CMI) response of CD4+ T cells, the QFT-Plus has an additional TB antigen 2 tube (TB2) for the CMI response of CD8+ T and CD4+ T cells, in addition to a TB antigen 1 (TB1) tube for the CMI response of CD4+ T cells only. We compared the results of the QFT-Plus and QFT-GIT assays as routine clinical tests for diagnosing TB. Samples from 220 patients referred for routine IGRA in various clinical departments were used. Correlations between IFN-γ levels in the QFT-GIT and QFT-Plus assays were strong and showed good agreement (kappa value = 0.69). Seven cases with positive QFT-GIT assay results and negative QFT-Plus assay results showed IFN-γ values near the cutoff value. However, 10 cases with active TB, recent TB, or immune problems showed discordance with the positive results only in the TB2 tube in QFT-Plus, unlike the negative results in TB1 and TB tubes. In these cases, IFN-γ levels in the TB2 tube were significantly higher than those in other tubes. This is the first study to compare these assays as routine IGRAs in the clinical setting. The QFT-Plus assay showed good agreement with the QFT-GIT assay and is presumably advantageous for patients with active TB, recent TB, and specific immune conditions involving CD8+ T-cell responses.
Full Text
https://jcm.asm.org/content/58/4/e01854-19.long
DOI
10.1128/JCM.01854-19
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyon Suk(김현숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5662-7740
Park, Youn Hee(박윤희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8458-1495
Won, Dongju(원동주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0084-0216
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176001
사서에게 알리기
  feedback

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse

Links