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How Does Economic Inequality Affect Infanticide Rates? An Analysis of 15 Years of Death Records and Representative Economic Data

Authors
 Seong-Uk Baek  ;  Sung-Shil Lim  ;  Jihyun Kim  ;  Jin-Ha Yoon 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.16(19) : E3679, 2019 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 
ISSN
 1661-7827 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
economic recession ; inequality ; infanticide ; unemployment
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Is there a relationship between economic inequality and infanticide rates? Few studies have examined the socioeconomic factors that trigger infanticide. This study aims to statistically analyze the effect of these factors on infanticide rates. METHODS: This study used infant death records in South Korea from 2003 to 2017 to assess the impact of unemployment rates and various statistical indicators (e.g., GDP and income inequality index) on the rate of infanticide. A generalized additive model and a quasi-Poisson regression were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: A time-trend analysis shows that the infanticide rate tended to grow despite a decreasing trend in the quarterly infant mortality rate. A 1% increase in the unemployment rate is associated with a significant rise in the relative risk of infanticide after a lag of two quarters. Relative risks increased significantly three and four quarters after a 0.1 rise in the p80/p20 ratio (income inequality index). CONCLUSIONS: Policymakers should pay attention to socioeconomic factors while formulating healthcare regulations to protect potential infanticide victims, including vulnerable infants and their parents.
Files in This Item:
T201904269.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijerph16193679
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ji Hyun(김지현)
Yoon, Jin Ha(윤진하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4198-2955
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/173193
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