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Evaluation of skeletal maturity in the cervical vertebrae and hand-wrist in relation to vertical facial types

Authors
 Ye-Seul Lee  ;  Sung-Hwan Choi  ;  Kyung-Ho Kim  ;  Chung-Ju Hwang 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Orthodontics (대한치과교정학회지), Vol.49(5) : 319-325, 2019 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Orthodontics (대한치과교정학회지) 
ISSN
 2234-7518 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Mandibular plane angle ; Skeletal maturity ; Skeletal maturity indicators ; Vertical facial type
Abstract
Objective: To evaluate differences in skeletal maturity in relation to vertical facial types and to compare differences in the skeletal maturity of the cervical vertebrae and hand-wrist in females. Methods: This study included 59 females aged 7 to 9 years with skeletal Class I malocclusion. The participants were categorized into three groups (low, normal, and high) according to the mandibular plane angle. Skeletal maturity was measured using skeletal maturity indicators (SMIs) and the Tanner-Whitehouse III (TW3) method on hand-wrist radiographs and by using cervical vertebrae maturation indicators (CVMIs) on lateral cephalometric radiographs. Results: The SMI was higher in the high-angle group than in the low-angle group (p = 0.014). The median TW3 bone age was 11.4 months higher in the high-angle group than in the low-angle group (p = 0.032). There was no significant difference in CVMI among the three groups. Skeletal maturity showed a weakly positive correlation with the mandibular plane angle (SMI, r = 0.391; TW3, r = 0.333; CVMI, r = 0.259). Conclusions: The skeletal maturity of the hand-wrist in females with a high mandibular plane angle was higher than that in females with a low mandibular plane angle. Obtaining additional hand-wrist radiographs may facilitate evaluation of skeletal maturity of females. In females with a high mandibular angle, the time to commence orthodontic treatment may be earlier than that in females with a low mandibular angle.
DOI
10.4041/kjod.2019.49.5.319
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Ho(김경호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8154-2041
Choi, Sung Hwan(최성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
Hwang, Chung Ju(황충주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3024-4551
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/171501
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