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Meibum Expressibility Improvement as a Therapeutic Target of Intense Pulsed Light Treatment in Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Its Association with Tear Inflammatory Cytokines

 Moonjung Choi  ;  Soo Jung Han  ;  Yong Woo Ji  ;  Young Joon Choi  ;  Ikhyun Jun  ;  Mutlaq Hamad Alotaibi  ;  Byung Yi Ko  ;  Eung Kweon Kim  ;  Tae-im Kim  ;  Sang Min Nam  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.9(1) : 7648, 2019 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Many recent studies have demonstrated the efficacy of intense pulsed light (IPL) for the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD); however, its effective treatment targets have not yet been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the baseline characteristics associated with an improvement in symptoms after IPL treatment; to examine the course of change in inflammatory tear cytokines, meibomian gland function, and tear stability; and to investigate the correlation between cytokines and ocular surface parameters. Thirty participants underwent three sessions of IPL treatment. During each examination, tear film lipid layer interferometry, meibography, tear meniscus height measurement, tear sampling, and slit-lamp examination were performed, and the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire was administered. Meibum quality, meibum expressibility, lid margin abnormality, tear film break-up time (TBUT), ocular surface staining, and the OSDI significantly improved after treatment. Poor meibum expressibility and short TBUT were associated with greater recovery in the OSDI after IPL. Tear levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, and TNF-α decreased after IPL, and IL-6, and TNF-α were correlated with the improvement in meibum expressibility. Therefore, IPL treatment improved meibomian gland function, stabilized the tear film, and decreased ocular surface inflammation. Patients with obstructive MGD and tear instability were more likely to experience an improvement in ocular discomfort after IPL treatment.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eung Kweon(김응권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
Kim, Tae Im(김태임) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-3842
Seo, Kyuong Yul(서경률) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
Jun, Ik Hyun(전익현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2160-1679
Ji, Yong Woo(지용우)
Choi, Young Joon(최영준)
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