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Local injection of RANKL facilitates tooth movement and alveolar bone remodelling

 Chengri Li  ;  Chooryung J. Chung  ;  Chung‐Ju Hwang  ;  Kee‐Joon Lee 
 ORAL DISEASES, Vol.25(2) : 550-560, 2019 
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Issue Date
bone remodelling ; local injection ; microcomputed tomography ; receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand ; tooth movement
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of local injection of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) on experimental tooth movement and subsequent alveolar bone remodelling in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty mice were randomised to receive daily local RANKL or phosphate-buffered saline injections in the buccal premaxillary bone for 14 of 21 days of incisor movement, followed by a 21-day retention period. Five mice from each group were euthanised on days 0, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 42, and specimens were prepared for haematoxylin and eosin, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and immunohistochemical staining. Five mice from each group were subjected to serial microcomputed tomography until day 42 for tooth movement and bone volume quantification. RESULTS: The experimental group showed significantly greater tooth movement and bone volume reduction on days 14 and 21; an increased osteoclast number on days 3, 7, 14 and 21; and no difference on day 42. Higher RANKL expression was observed on days 7 and 14, with remarkable alkaline phosphatase activity. No significant systemic changes were observed. CONCLUSION: Local RANKL injection leads to increased osteoclastic activity and facilitates tooth movement, followed by subsequent alveolar bone formation; this implies a reversible transitional acceleration of bone resorption.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Kee Joon(이기준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0782-3128
Chung, Chooryung J.(정주령) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-7193
Hwang, Chung Ju(황충주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3024-4551
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