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The Effect of Hyperglycemia on the Prognosis ofCritically III Patients Does Not Differ Diabeticsfrom Nondiabetics

 Yon Hee Shim  ;  Chul Ho Chang  ;  Jong Seok Lee  ;  Seung Jung Kim  ;  Cheung Soo Shin 
 Korean Journal of Anesthesiology, Vol.47(6) : S10-S13, 2004 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 
Issue Date
critical care ; diabetes ; glucose ; hyperglycemia ; mortality ; prognosis.
Background: Hyperglycemia is common in critically ill patients, even in those without diabetes, and it is known to increase mortality in patients with or without diabetes in the settings of acute myocardial infarction or acute stroke. However, the clinical effects of admission hyperglycemia are uncertain, and no data is available that compares the prognosis in a heterogenous group of critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hyperglycemia on prognosis in a heterogenous group of critically ill patients with or without diabetes. Methods: The medical records of 858 consecutive adult patients admitted to a general intensive care unit (ICU) at a University Hospital over 21 months were reviewed. Patients with no records of blood glucose measurements and patients with normoglycemia during the first 3 days were excluded. The remaining 349 patients with hyperglycemia were divided into two groups according to a previous history of diabetes. Hyperglycemia was defined as a fasting blood glucose level of 140 mg/dl or more, or a random blood glucose level of 200 mg/dl or more on 2 or more determinations. The primary end-point of the study was ICU and in-hospital mortality, and its secondary end-point included length of stay in the ICU and hospital. Results: There were no significant differences in ICU mortality (17.6/19.0%), in-hospital mortality (24.5/24.3%), ICU length of stay (6.6 ± 11.9/6.6 ± 10.4 days), and hospital length of stay (11.4 ± 29.0/12.8 ± 24.3 days) between diabetics and nondiabetics. Conclusions: Our results indicate that the effects of hyperglycemia on the prognosis of critically ill patients do not differ diabetics from nondiabetics.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Cheung Soo(신증수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7829-8458
Shim, Yon Hee(심연희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1921-3391
Lee, Jong Seok(이종석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7945-2530
Chang, Chul Ho(장철호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5647-8298
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