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Effects of Entecavir and Tenofovir on Renal Function in Patients with Hepatitis B Virus-Related Compensated and Decompensated Cirrhosis

 Jihye Park  ;  Kyu Sik Jung  ;  Hye Won Lee  ;  Beom Kyung Kim  ;  Seung Up Kim  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Kwang-Hyub Han  ;  Jun Yong Park 
 GUT AND LIVER, Vol.11(6) : 828-834, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Entecavir ; Fibrosis ; Hepatitis B ; Renal safety ; Tenofovir
Background/Aims: The renal effects of nucleos(t)ide analogs in patients with chronic hepatitis B are controversial. We aimed to compare the impact of entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir (TDF) on renal function in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 235 consecutive treatment-naïve patients with HBV-related cirrhosis who were treated with ETV or TDF between December 2012 and November 2013 at Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Results: Compensated cirrhosis was noted in 183 patients (ETV 130, TDF 53), and decompensated cirrhosis was noted in 52 patients (ETV 32, TDF 20). There were no significant changes in estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) from baseline in either the ETV- or TDF-treated groups at week 96 (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration, ETV -1.68% and TDF -5.03%, p=0.358). Using a multivariate analysis, the significant factors associated with a decrease in eGFR >20% were baseline eGFR, diabetes mellitus (DM), and the use of diuretics. The use of antiviral agents and baseline decompensation were not determined to be significant factors.

Conclusions: In patients with HBV-related cirrhosis, TDF has shown similar renal safety to that of ETV over a 2-year period. Renal function should be closely monitored, especially in patients who exhibit decreasing eGFR, DM, and the use of diuretics.
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Park, Ji Hye(박지혜)
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Lee, Hye Won(이혜원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3552-3560
Jung, Kyu Sik(정규식)
Han, Kwang-Hyub(한광협) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3960-6539
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