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청소년과 그들의 보호자를 대상으로 실시한 A형 간염 예방접종에 대한 지식 및 건강신념 연구

Other Titles
 Adolescents’ and Parental Knowledge, Health Beliefs Toward Hepatitis A Vaccination 
Authors
 윤서희  ;  이효연  ;  김한울  ;  공경애  ;  김경효 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (소아감염), Vol.20(3) : 147-160, 2013 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (소아감염) 
ISSN
 1226-3923 
Issue Date
2013
Keywords
Hepatitis A ; Vaccine ; Adolescent ; Parent ; Knowledge
Abstract
Purpose: Although the overall incidence of hepatitis A in Korea has been decreasing recently, the adolescents born before the introduction of the hepatitis A vaccine remain to be highly vulnerable to outbreak. This study examines the unvaccinated adolescents' and their parents' knowledge and health beliefs toward hepatitis A vaccination. Methods: Healthy adolescents aged 13-19 years old who had no previous history of hepatitis A vaccine and hepatitis A infection, and their parents or legal guardians were the subjects of the study. The survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire based on the Health Belief Model, and examined the subjects' demographics, knowledge, and health beliefs (i.e., perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers). Results: We included 157 adolescents and their parents/guardians (mean age: $16.0{\pm}1.6$ and $45.6{\pm}4.7$ years, respectively). The average knowledge item score for adolescents and parents was $6.4{\pm}3.7$ and $7.3{\pm}3.4$ (out of 18), respectively. Similarly, average Health Belief Model item scores were: susceptibility, $5.6{\pm}1.6$ and $5.9{\pm}1.7$ (range: 2-10); severity, $16.3{\pm}4.1$ and $18.3{\pm}3.6$ (range:5-25); benefits, $19.7{\pm}3.3$ and $20.6{\pm}2.1$ (range:5-25); and barriers, $41.3{\pm}8.9$ and $39.0{\pm}9.1$ (range:7-85). The major reason for not undergoing hepatitis A vaccination was lack of knowledge about its importance. Conclusions: Refresher health lectures about hepatitis A and the vaccine are needed by both the adolescents and their parents. Furthermore, the inclusion of hepatitis A vaccine in the national immunization program should be considered to reduce the risk of hepatitis A outbreak and to raise the vaccination coverage among the adolescents in Korea.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yoon, Seo Hee(윤서희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8361-9815
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/158401
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