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Role of β1 integrin in tissue homing of neutrophils during sepsis

Authors
 Pranita P. Sarangi  ;  Young-Min Hyun  ;  Yelena V. Lerman  ;  Anthony P. Pietropaoli  ;  Minsoo Kim 
Citation
 Shock, Vol.38(3) : 281-287, 2012 
Journal Title
 Shock 
ISSN
 1073-2322 
Issue Date
2012
MeSH
Animals ; Anti-Infective Agents/administration & dosage ; Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology ; CD18 Antigens/physiology* ; Cell Movement/physiology ; Humans ; Integrin beta1/physiology* ; Ligation ; Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Mice, Knockout ; Multiple Organ Failure/etiology ; Neutrophil Infiltration/physiology ; Neutrophils/physiology* ; Oligopeptides/administration & dosage ; Oligopeptides/pharmacology ; Sepsis/etiology* ; Up-Regulation
Abstract
Aberrant activation of neutrophils during sepsis results in the widespread release of proinflammatory mediators, leading to multiorgan system failure and death. However, aberrant activation of neutrophils during sepsis results in the widespread release of harmful inflammatory mediators causing host tissue injuries that can lead to multiorgan system failure and death. One of the pivotal components of neutrophil migration during inflammation is the expression of surface integrins. In this study, we show that administration of a cyclic analog of RGD peptide (Arg-Gly-Asp) significantly reduced the number of tissue-invading neutrophils and the degree of sepsis-induced lethality in mice as compared with control peptide. Second, β1 integrin (CD29) was highly upregulated on the neutrophils isolated from both septic patients and animals. Finally, conditional genetic ablation of β1 integrin from granulocytes also improved survival and bacterial clearance in septic animals Thus, our results indicate that expression of β1 integrin is important for modulating neutrophil trafficking during sepsis and that therapeutics designed against β1 integrins may be beneficial.
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DOI
10.1097/SHK.0b013e31826136f8
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Hyun, Young-Min(현영민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0567-2039
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/158339
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