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Long-term Trends in Cancer Mortality in Korea (1983-2007): A Joinpoint Regression Analysis

Authors
 Kyu-Won Jung  ;  Hai-Rim Shin  ;  Hyun-Joo Kong  ;  Sohee Park  ;  Young-Joo Won  ;  Kui Son Choi  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION, Vol.11(6) : 1451-1457, 2010 
Journal Title
 ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION 
ISSN
 1513-7368 
Issue Date
2010
MeSH
Adult ; Age Factors ; Female ; Humans ; Korea/epidemiology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mortality/trends* ; Neoplasms/epidemiology ; Neoplasms/mortality* ; Registries ; Regression Analysis ; Sex Factors ; Survival Rate ; Time Factors
Keywords
Cancer ; Mortality ; Trends ; joinpoint regression ; Korea
Abstract
Cancer has been the most common cause of death in Korea since 1983 and is a major public concern. The aim of this study was to analyze the secular trend of cancer mortality in Korea from 1983 to 2007. Mortality and population data from 1983 to 2007 were obtained from the Korea Statistical Office. The annual cancer death rates for 18 age groups were estimated, and joinpoint regression was applied to detect significant changes in cancer mortality. The age-standardized mortality rate for all sites combined increased until the mid-1990s and has been decreasing thereafter, this also being the case for cancers of the esophagus, liver, lung and bladder, as well as leukemia. With stomach and uterine cancers a constant reduction was evident throughout the period. The declines in stomach, liver, and uterine cancer mortality have made major contributions to the recent overall favorable trend. Mortality for cancers of the colon and rectum and the prostate increased in the early 2000s and then leveled off, whereas female breast cancer mortality has displayed a constant increasing trend. In conclusion, overall cancer mortality is decreasing in men and women in Korea, and this trend will probably continue and improve further in line with advances in management as well as the expected impact of the national screening program for major five cancers over the next decades.
Files in This Item:
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/158110
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